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Cancer Risks and Screen Guidelines for Those in Their Forties

Cancer Risks and Screen Guidelines for Those in Their Forties

For many people, the idea of cancer moves from the theoretical to the real when they enter their forties. Comprehensive Cancer Centers notes that this is the decade for men when prostate and colon cancers start to become more of a risk and when guidance suggests that at-risk men begin integrating screenings for these cancers into their regular physical examinations.

There are more than 150,000 new cases of colon cancer diagnosed in the U.S. each year. Diets that are high in fat and red meat and low in vegetable fiber  are associated with increased risk, and Comprehensive urges people to eat lean protein and lots of fruits and vegetables. In addition, oncologists urge people to make their primary physicians aware of family history to start more aggressive screenings of colon cancer, as the risk of developing this malignancy increases threefold in these circumstances.

Women are at even greater risk than men in their late 30s and early 40s, as they are two times as likely to contract cancer as men. The relatively high rate of cancer among 35-44 year-old women is largely due to breast cancer, which underscores the need for women to start becoming more proactive with self-screenings and clinical screenings.

Screenings take on an added urgency with a study suggesting that more than 75 percent  of women between the ages 40 to 49 diagnosed with breast cancer didn’t meet the criteria for risk-based screening including no family history of cancer.  With this in mind, Comprehensive Cancer Center’s breast surgery team urges women to conduct self-breast exams, receive regular checkups, seek medical advice for suspicious lumps and communicate with their doctors  about their need for screenings and mammograms, which can lead to early detection.

For men, nearly ten percent of all men develop prostate cancer during their lifetime.  Prostate cancer, while treatable, is the second-leading cause of cancer mortality, behind lung cancer.  Just as with women, Comprehensive Cancer Centers urges men to be proactive with the management of their health and start including in annual physicals, rectal exams and blood tests at age 45 for high-risk individuals.

Although the cause of prostate cancer is unknown, risk factors for prostate cancer include advancing age, African-American race, high-fat diet, and a family history of prostate cancer.

Early symptoms for prostate cancer can include decreased urine stream, urine retention, prostate infections, and urine frequency. A more advanced disease will present with bone pain and weight loss. Diagnosis is made through a biopsy of the prostate. In general, this is a slow-growing cancer. The treatment involves surgery or radiation of the prostate, with the more advanced disease being treated with anti-testosterone drugs and chemotherapy.

As you enter your forties, start to become more aware of these risks, increase preventative measures and be more active with self and clinical screenings.  To get screened, consult your primary physician. If you have a cancer diagnosis, contact Comprehensive Cancer Centers at 702-952-3350 to schedule an appointment.

The content is this post is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

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How to Best Treat Sunburns

How to Best Treat Sunburns

Comprehensive Cancer Centers is dedicated to cancer prevention and provides resources, such as nutrition and lifestyle advice to promote good health, while lowering cancer risks. Our efforts regarding skin cancer prevention include information on sun safety, as well as through providing free sunscreen at kiosks at popular locations throughout Southern Nevada.

While we do urge prevention and risk management, we do understand that sometimes treatment has to become the focus, whether it’s for a cancer diagnosis or for sunburns. This holds especially true in our warm and sunny climate with sunburns. Sunburns can happen 365 days per year, depending on exposure, with more burns occurring in the hot summer months when even a small amount of exposure to the sun can be dangerous for your skin.

You can get sunburned if you are exposed to the sun without using proper protection from sunscreen, clothes, sunglasses and hats. Sunburn risk increases if you don’t reapply sunscreen often, as one application will not help if you spend significant time in the sun’s rays. Remember to reapply sunscreen often. Should a sunburn occur, the following suggestions can help reduce the pain and the accelerate healing process:

Get Moving – As soon as you notice a sunburn, get out of the sun immediately and start treating the burn. Some people may think that once they’re burned, it can’t get any worse, but burns can increase in severity with additional exposure. The best place to get away from the sun after a burn in indoors.

  • Hydrate and Hydrate Often –Keep drinking water regularly to maintain access to moisture for your burned skin, while making sure the rest of your body doesn’t get dehydrated as the thirsty skin draws water from your system. As soon as you get indoors, have a large glass of water.
  • Rinse Off – Cool baths and/or showers will help relieve the pain and sooth your skin. When getting out of the water, gently dry yourself, but also leave some water on your skin. Use moisturizer on the wet skin to keep it hydrated.
  • Moisturize – There are many moisturizers available, but stick to ones with aloe vera or soy-based moisturizers. You can use hydrocortisone products without a prescription if the burn is particularly painful.
  • Stay Covered – If you need to leave the indoors, make sure your burned skin is properly covered so it has time to heal. Hats, sunglasses and clothing dark enough so that light cannot be seen through the fabric are your best bets.
  • Aspirin Can Help – Aspirin or ibuprofen can help with pain, swelling as well as for reducing redness. Follow guidelines on packaging to ensure you don’t over use these medications to manage discomfort.
  • Leave Blisters Alone – If your sunburn was bad enough to cause blisters, leave the blisters alone as they heal.  Resist the temptation to pop the blisters, as this will not accelerate healing and can lead to infections.
  • Doctors and Dermatologists – If blisters cover substantial portions of the skin, see a doctor for treatment immediately. Consulting your dermatologist is also a good idea, letting them know about any major burns suffered so they can adjust their screenings during checkups. Dermatologists can also offer insights into appropriate sunscreens, and sun safety.

Comprehensive Cancer Centers urges you to be sun smart to avoid burns in the future – even in the winter months. If your dermatologist does find any issues during exams, our team is glad to offer follow up care upon referral.

To schedule an appointment with a physician at Comprehensive Cancer Centers regarding skin cancer, call 702-952-3350.

The content is this post is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

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Cancers That Can Occur in Your Twenties and Thirties

Cancers That Can Occur in Your Twenties and Thirties

Cancer can happen to anyone at any age, including people in their 20s and 30s. Comprehensive Cancer Centers notes that for this group, the most common types of cancers are different from those in children or older adults.

For people in this age range, it’s important to start becoming aware of cancers, symptoms and signs, reducing risks and to start regular examinations and screenings. While the chances of cancer diagnoses are smaller for younger people, staying vigilant can help build smart habits  should cancer appear, and as they get older, chances improve for the cancer to be caught early and treated quickly.

The following are cancer types that can affect people in their 20s and 30s, along with symptoms and self and physician guided self-checks and examinations:

Breast Cancer

While breast cancer is rare before age 30, and becomes more common as women age, younger people have been diagnosed with the disease. Among young adults, the outlook tends to be better, when diagnosed early. No matter what age a woman is, breast lumps and other physical changes need to be checked to be sure they are not indications of breast cancer. Being mindful of breast cancer at an early age can lead to earlier detection.

Lymphomas

Lymphomas including Hodgkin lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma start in certain cells of the immune system called lymphocytes. These cancers most often affect lymph nodes and other lymph tissues, such as tonsils or thymus (a small organ in front of the heart). Lymphomas can also affect the bone marrow and other organs. Most common symptoms include weight loss, fever, sweats, fatigue, and lumps found under the skin in the neck, armpit, or groin.

Melanoma

Melanoma is one of the most common cancers in people younger than 30 (especially younger women). Melanoma that runs in families may occur at a younger age, as well. The most important warning sign for melanoma is a new spot on the skin or a spot that’s changing in size, shape, or color. If these warning signs appear, have your skin checked by a doctor. An important part of recognizing the risks of skin cancers is starting to be sun smart at an early age. This includes regular applications of sunscreen, covering exposed skin in the sun, and taking other simple precautions.

Sarcomas (Soft tissue and bone tumors)

Sarcomas are cancers that start in connective tissues such as muscles, bones, or fat cells of people in their 20s and 30s. The two main types of sarcoma are soft tissue sarcomas, which start in muscles, fat, blood vessels or other some body tissues, and bone sarcomas. Sarcomas often cause bone pain that worsens at night or with physical activity.

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer risks increase as people get older, although it’s often diagnosed at a younger age than most other adult cancers. It’s much more common in women than in men. The most common symptom of thyroid cancer is a lump in the front of the neck. Most thyroid lumps are not cancer, but it’s important to have them checked out to be sure.

Testicular cancer

About half of testicular cancer diagnoses in men occur between 20 and 34, but it can occur at any age. The first testicular cancer symptom normally comes in form of a lump on the testicle. Testicles may also become swollen or larger. Most of the time an instance of testicular cancer is not painful, adding importance to the need to have any lumps checked by a doctor as soon as they are found.

Leukemia

Leukemia is the most common cancer in children, but it can also occur at any age. Leukemia can cause bone and joint pain, tiredness, weakness, pale skin, bleeding or bruising, fever, weight loss, and other symptoms. Treatment outlooks for most Leukemia tends to be better in younger patients, with early diagnoses a key factor.

Brain Tumors

Adults are more likely to develop tumors in upper parts of the brain, whereas for younger people the tumors develop in the lower part of the brain. Spinal cord tumors are less common than brain tumors in all age groups. Headaches, nausea, vomiting, blurred or double vision, dizziness, seizures, trouble walking or handling objects, are common symptoms of brain and spine tumors.

Younger patients are encouraged to have regularly scheduled physicals with their primary physicians to manage their health. Should the need arise for a consultation with an oncologist; an appointment can be scheduled at Comprehensive Cancer Centers by calling 702-952-3350.

The content is this post is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

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Skin Cancer Treatment Options

Skin Cancer Treatment Options

At Comprehensive Cancer Centers, our board-certified oncologists create individualized treatment plans for patients diagnosed with various types of skin cancer.

Like all cancer care, there is no one size fits all treatment for skin cancer. Treatment options vary depending on the type and stage of skin cancer at diagnosis and other factors unique to the individual being treated. The following video shares critical details about skin cancer and treatment options offered at Comprehensive Cancer Centers.

Should you be diagnosed with skin cancer, the oncologists at Comprehensive Cancer Centers may use one, or more, of the following treatment protocols:

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy plays a very important role in the treatment of non-melanoma skin cancers and has been used successfully for decades. Radiation therapy is an effective, less invasive treatment option for many different types of skin cancer, including basal cell carcinoma, which accounts for 90 percent of all skin cancers in Southern Nevada and the United States. Radiation can also help treat melanoma, a less common, but more serious form of skin cancer due to its tendency to spread. Patients treated with radiation typically experience less scarring, which is especially important in highly visible areas, such as the face and neck.

  • External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT)

EBRT is an outpatient procedure in which highly targeted and precise beams of radiation are directed at the skin cancer. Excellent functional and cosmetic outcomes can be achieved with EBRT, especially for tumors in the nasal and facial regions.

Chemotherapy for Squamous Cell and Basal Cell Skin Cancers

For squamous cell carcinoma, chemotherapy may be used to slow the spread of the cancer, relieve symptoms or shrink tumors prior to surgery or radiation. Basal cell carcinoma is usually not treated with chemotherapy as it rarely reaches an advanced stage.

Immunotherapy and Targeted Drugs for Melanoma

Immunotherapy and targeted drugs have shown promise in treating advanced melanomas. Immunotherapy helps to:

  • Stimulate the immune system to recognize and destroy cancer cells more effectively
  • Supplement chemotherapy in certain advanced melanomas
  • Inhibit cancer from recurring in other parts of the body when used for early-stage melanomas after surgery

Targeted therapy focuses on parts of melanoma cells that are different from normal cells. Half of all melanomas have mutations that may respond to targeted therapies.

Collaboration for Successful Skin Cancer Outcomes

Comprehensive’s oncologists work closely with each patient to best understand their individual needs. We are committed to communicating and collaborating with the patient to ensure they receive the best possible care. To schedule an appointment with a physician at Comprehensive Cancer Centers regarding skin cancer treatment, call 702-952-3350.

 The content is this post is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

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Comprehensive Cancer Offer Free Sunscreen throughout Las Vegas

Comprehensive Cancer Centers Offers Free Sunscreen throughout Las Vegas Valley

To help the Las Vegas community stay protected from the sun, and to promote general sun safety awareness, Comprehensive Cancer Centers offers free sunscreen to visitors of Wet ‘n’ Wild, Las Vegas 51s day baseball games,  Springs Preserve, Downtown Summerlin and Cadence master-planned community.

How to Access Free Sunscreen

Free sunscreen kiosks and dispensers are located at Wet’n’Wild, Downtown Summerlin, Cadence master-planned community, Springs Preserve and the Las Vegas 51s Cashman Field. The SPF 30 sunscreen is a paraben-free, oxybenzone-free and waterproof blend. The broad-spectrum sunscreen protects skin against potentially harmful UV-A and UV-B rays, when applied and reapplied appropriately.

“We began this proactive outreach to Southern Nevadans five years ago with simple awareness messaging and free sunscreen for guests at Wet’n’Wild Las Vegas,” said Comprehensive’s executive director, Jon Bilstein. “It’s important for us to continue our efforts to educate and help protect local residents in an engaging and interactive manner and it’s pretty inspiring to see the campaign thrive year after year with new partnerships.”

Wet’n’Wild Las Vegas Waterpark

Comprehensive Cancer Centers and Wet’n’Wild are now on their fifth year of partnering up to encourage visitors of the popular southwest Las Vegas waterpark to apply sunscreen, and reapply often, depending on how long they’re at the park and in the sun. The sunscreen kiosk is accessible at the park entrance.

During or after they have applied the sunscreen, those using the sunscreen can snap a photo and post it to their favorite social media channels using the hashtag #SunscreenSelfie and tagging @CCCNevada and @Wetnwildlv to help spread the word about sun safety.

Comprehensive Cancer & Wet’n’Wild Flash Mob

The team at Comprehensive Cancer Centers gathered to do a flash mob at Wet’n’Wild to demonstrate proper sunscreen applications techniques. The flash mob was featured on NBC 3 and can also be seen here:

Las Vegas 51s Baseball

Now in its fourth year, Comprehensive has partnered with The Las Vegas 51s to offer complimentary sunscreen at Cashman Field during day games. The complimentary SPF 30 sunscreen became available during the annual appearance of the Chicago Cubs during Big League Weekend and continues throughout the entire season.  Fans can find several sunscreen dispensers on the concourse level of Cashman Field before heading to their seats.

Springs Preserve

Newly added this year, Comprehensive Cancer Centers is now providing sunscreen to guests of the Springs Preserve, a 180-acre cultural institution designed to commemorate Las Vegas’ dynamic history and to provide a vision for a sustainable future.

Featuring museums, galleries, outdoor events, a colorful botanical garden and an interpretive trail system, the Springs Preserve has evolved into a world-class attraction providing a glimpse of the origins of Las Vegas. With numerous acres of outdoor attractions, using sunscreen is essential to be able to see as much of the park as possible, while being sun smart.

Downtown Summerlin

Downtown Summerlin is an outdoor shopping center with more than 120 stores and various restaurants. This year, Downtown Summerlin will offer a free sunscreen dispenser at select events on The Lawn. Those events include the following:

  • June/July – DTS Summer Concert series on Wednesday evenings; Lawn
  • Sept. DTS fall concert series – Wednesday evenings; Lawn
  • 4th of July
  • Oct. 13 -14 Festival of Arts; Lawn
  • Nov. 11 – Brew Fest; Lawn

Cadence Master-Planned Community

Cadence is a 2,200-acre master-planned community in Henderson, Nevada. This year, they have partnered with Comprehensive Cancer Centers to offer free sunscreen dispensers at their resident pool and public Central Park.

Tips to Protect Your Skin in the Sun

If you’re at a baseball game, waterpark or enjoying nature, or if you’re doing something else outdoors, it’s important to be sun smart. The following easy tips help you do that, while not missing any of the fun.

  • Sunscreen – Wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher (as Comprehensive Cancer Centers provides at the locations mentioned above). It’s always best to use a water-resistant sunscreen if you plan on swimming or if you know you’ll be sweating throughout the day. Reapply your sunscreen every two hours.
  • Enjoy Some Shade – When you’re outside, protect yourself by staying in the shade. It’s especially important to stay in the shade during the hours of the day when the sun is highest and brightest in the sky, like mid-afternoon.
  • No Tanning Beds – Avoid tanning beds and sunlamps, as these shine direct ultraviolet radiation on your skin.
  • Hats and Shades – Cover up with loose clothing, wide brimmed hats, and UV-blocking sunglasses when you’re in the sun.

 

The content is this post is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

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Radiation Oncology Advances Science and Cancer Treatment

Radiation Oncology Advances Science and Cancer Treatment

Comprehensive Cancer Centers is dedicated to providing our patients with treatment options that are specific to their cancer type. An important part of our treatment, and a critical element in our efforts to stay on the forefront of treatment technology, comes from our innovative radiation oncology department.

Working in tandem with our advanced treatment planning systems, the purpose of radiation therapy is to eradicate cancerous cells and to prevent them from growing or dividing, while minimizing adverse effects on nearby healthy organs and tissues.

Comprehensive’s Radiation Oncology Physicians

The radiation oncology team is accredited by the American College of Radiology, having earned the accreditation for five consecutive three-year terms.

Comprehensive’s radiation oncology team is dedicated to applying every resource and technology, both existing and emerging, to heal our patients. Our team includes the following physicians: Michael J. Anderson, MD, Andrew Cohen, MD, Dan L. Curtis, MD, Farzaneh Farzin, MD, Raul Meoz, MD, FACR, Matthew W. Schwartz, MD, Michael T. Sinopoli, MD.  Learn more about the team here.

Radiation Oncology Treatments and Therapies

Radiation Oncology treatments employ multiple imaging and treatment technologies to tailor each patient’s radiation therapy. Our radiation oncologists commonly use computer assisted tomography (CT scans), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scans) and positron emission tomography (PET scans) to create detailed three-dimensional representations of a tumor and surrounding vital organs. These representations help us defend surrounding normal tissue from radiation and also help increase a patient’s tolerance to treatment.

Comprehensive uses the following state-of-the-art equipment and the most precise radiation therapy in Nevada, including these highlights:

CyberKnife® Radiosurgery: Cancer Surgery Without The Surgery

Exclusive to Comprehensive, CyberKnife® Radiosurgery in Las Vegas is the most powerful advancement in cancer treatment ever available in Southern Nevada.

CyberKnife® is operated by our own specially trained radiation oncologists, the most experienced radiosurgical team in Southern Nevada. CyberKnife® uses computer-operated robotics and image guidance technology to treat hard-to-reach tumors. It tracks and destroys tumors in the body or brain while accounting for the patient’s breathing, which can cause tumors to move during the procedure, and eliminates the need for patients to wear an invasive stereotactic head frame to target localization. This type of ultraprecise radiotherapy protects the surrounding healthy tissue and is often used to treat brain tumors, lung tumors, liver lesions, prostate cancer, spine tumors, and many other tumor sites.

Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT)

IMRT uses three-dimensional imaging to deliver varied radiation doses to different areas simultaneously. In some tumor types such as prostate cancer, this technology can deliver higher doses of radiation therapy, while simultaneously reducing the amount of radiation exposure to surrounding healthy tissue.

Image-Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT)

IGRT uses ultrasound, a CT scan, or X-rays to capture images of the treatment area before delivering radiation, and is often used to treat cancers in organs that move, such as the prostate or lung. The use of highly precise IGRT treatments  help reduce exposure to surrounding healthy tissue while also reducing radiotherapy side effects.

Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT)

This therapy uses IMRT and IGRT to deliver high precision radiation treatments, and can complete treatments in 30 to 90 seconds.

Additional radiation oncology treatments provided by Comprehensive Cancer

  • Three-dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy
  • Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy
  • Stereotactic Radiosurgery
  • High Dose Rate Brachytherapy, Prostate Seed Brachytherapy
  • Partial Breast Irradiation

To schedule an appointment or to learn more about radiation treatment options at Comprehensive Cancer Centers, call 702-952-3350.

The content is this post is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

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Flu Prevention and Treatment for Cancer Patients

Flu Prevention and Treatment for Cancer Patients

Cancer patients receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy are more vulnerable to infections as their white blood cell counts are low. With a weakened immune system, the flu or other illnesses can cause unnecessary complications such as disruptions in treatment schedules to pneumonia. With this in mind, cancer patients need to take precautions to prevent infections year-round.  Cancer patients can reduce their risks of catching the flu and other illnesses by adhering to the following guidelines:

  • Wash Your Hands – Wash your hands regularly, and make sure friends, family and coworkers do the same. Proper hand washing is ensured through using warm water and rubbing and rinsing soap from hands thoroughly.
  • Avoid  People Who Are Sick – You are often exposed to germs during regular activities each day, so avoiding germs is close to impossible. However, if you know someone who is sick, it’s best to keep a safe distance until they are well again.
  • Don’t Rub Your Eyes –One of the fastest ways immune systems get attacked is through the eyes. Avoid rubbing your eyes to minimize risk and wash your hands frequently
  • Get Flu Shots – Flu shots are readily available, and you should consult your physician or oncologist to get guidelines for regular vaccinations.  Encourage family members and friends you interact with to get their flu shots, too.

What If You Think You Have the Flu?

If you believe you may have the flu, while being treated for cancer, take the following actions:

  • Don’t Ignore Fevers – If you have a fever with a temperature greater than 100.5 degrees, contact your physician right away for guidance.
  • Take Your Medications – After consulting with a doctor to find the right medications, take them as prescribed and take the entire course, even if you start to feel better.
  • Follow Up – During and after flu treatment, make sure to keep your physician and oncologist updated on your progress. They may need to adjust treatments for the flu, as well as your cancer, and sharing more information is always better.

CDCP Flu Information and Precautions

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, created the following video to better inform patients with cancer about risks associated with the flu:

Cancer patients are not only more adversely affected by the flu, but they’re also more likely to contract illnesses if they have lung cancers or hematological malignancies such as leukemia. While the flu may be seen as nuisance for most people, for those with cancer the illness can be fatal and patients are urged to be overly cautious in prevention and treatment, should an illness present.

Cancer Treatment

To schedule an appointment with a physician at Comprehensive Cancer Centers regarding cancer screenings or treatment, call 702-952-3350. If you are a current patient and suffering from the flu, please seek immediate medical attention.

The content is this post is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

 

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Celebrate National Men’s Health Month by Getting Cancer Screenings

Celebrate National Men’s Health Month by Getting Cancer Screenings

The team at Comprehensive Cancer Centers is proud to celebrate Men’s Health Month this June. The month serves as a strong and important reminder for men in Southern Nevada to take their health seriously by scheduling regular checkups and cancer screenings.

Anchored by a Congressional health education program, Men’s Health Month is celebrated across the country with screenings, health fairs, media appearances, and other health education and outreach activities. Recognition from the White House provides encouragement to men, boys, and their families around the globe.

Goal of Men’s Health Month

The purpose of Men’s Health Month is to heighten the awareness of preventable health problems and encourage early detection and treatment of disease, including cancer, among men and boys. This month gives health care providers like Comprehensive Cancer Centers, public policy makers, the media, and individuals an opportunity to encourage men and boys to seek regular medical advice and early treatment for disease and injury.  This can be accomplished through lifestyle choices and regular cancer screenings.

Make Smart Lifestyle Choices

The following offers simple guidelines to use to live a more active and healthy life, not only during Men’s Health Month, but also throughout the entire year:

Tobacco – Do not use tobacco of any kind.  Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer and chewing tobacco can lead to cancer of the mouth or throat.

Eat Fruits & Vegetables – Eat five or more servings of fruits and vegetables each day, while including cancer-fighting foods in your diet. Foods from other plant sources such as whole grains and beans have many beneficial qualities as well.

Go Low Fat – Eat light, lean foods. High-fat diets may increase your risk of cancer.

Stay active and maintain a healthy weight. Obesity may be a risk factor for certain types of cancer.

Be Sun Smart – Protect yourself from the sun. Sun exposure is the most common cause of skin cancer, which is one of the most common types of cancer and also one of the most preventable.

Get Regular Cancer Screening

Follow the recommended guidelines provided by your primary care physician for regular cancer screening and self-examinations, which increase your chances of discovering cancer early. Thorough screening should include checks on your entire body and include:

  • Prostate Cancer Screenings – Screening tests can reveal the disease early and often before symptoms develop, when treatments are their most effective. Men in their 50s should be tested as part of regular checkups. Men ages 40-45 should be tested more regularly if they are high risk (includes African Americans, or if there is a family history of cancer).
  • Testicular Cancer Screenings – Men at higher risk (a family history or an undescended testicle) should talk with a doctor about additional screening. Most testicular cancer cases occur between ages 20 and 54. The American Cancer Society recommends that all men have a testicular exam when they see a doctor for a routine physical, as well as conduct regular self-exams, checking for hard lumps, smooth bumps, or changes in size or shape of the testes.
  • Colorectal Cancer Screenings – Screening begins at age 50 in average-risk adults with a colonoscopy a common test for detecting polyps and colorectal cancer. If discovered, polyps can be removed at the time of the test. Virtual colonoscopy through a CT scan or double contrast barium enema may also be diagnostic tools used by physicians.
  • Skin Cancer Screenings – Men are also 2-3 times more likely to get non-melanoma basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers than women. The American Cancer Society and the American Academy of Dermatology recommend regular skin self-exams to check for any changes in marks on your skin including shape, color, and size. A skin exam by a dermatologist or other health professional should be part of a routine checkup.

To schedule an appointment with a physician at Comprehensive Cancer Centers to discuss results regarding a cancer screening or treatment, call 702-952-3350.

The content is this post is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

 

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Comprehensive Cancer Centers Honors National Cancer Survivor’s Day

Comprehensive Cancer Centers Honors National Cancer Survivors Day

Comprehensive Cancer Centers is proud to support National Cancer Survivor’s Day and honors all those who have battled cancer and won.  The day, which falls on June 3 this year, serves as an annual Celebration of Life that is held in hundreds of communities including right here in Southern Nevada.

According to the organization behind the event, National Cancer Survivors Day is a CELEBRATION for those who have survived, an INSPIRATION for those recently diagnosed, a gathering of SUPPORT for families, and an OUTREACH to the community. On National Cancer Survivors Day, people gather across the globe – and right here in Southern Nevada – to honor cancer survivors and to show the world that life after a cancer diagnosis can be fruitful, rewarding, and inspiring.

This day provides an opportunity for all people living with a history of cancer – including America’s more than 15.5 million cancer survivors – to connect with each other, celebrate milestones, and recognize those who have supported them along the way. It is also a day to draw attention to the ongoing challenges of cancer survivorship in order to promote more resources, clinical research, and survivor-friendly legislation to improve cancer survivors’ quality of life.

Who Are Cancer Survivors?

The National Cancer Survivors Day Foundation defines a cancer survivor as anyone living with a history of cancer – from the moment of diagnosis through the remainder of life. National Cancer Survivors Day is an opportunity for all of us at Comprehensive Cancer Centers, and everyone else in the community, to demonstrate that it has an active, productive cancer survivor population and to bring awareness to the challenges they face during and after treatment.

We hope you will join Comprehensive Cancer Centers in celebrating and recognizing  National Cancer Survivors Day 2018.

About the National Cancer Survivors Day Foundation

The non-profit National Cancer Survivors Day Foundation provides free guidance, education, and networking to hundreds of hospitals, support groups, and other cancer-related organizations that host NCSD events in their communities. Through National Cancer Survivors Day, the Foundation works to improve the quality of life of cancer survivors by raising awareness of the ongoing challenges of cancer survivorship.

To schedule an appointment or to learn more about treatment options available at Comprehensive Cancer Center, call 702-952-3350.

The content is this post is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

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Skin Cancers You May Not Now About

Skin Cancers You May Not Now About

According to the American Cancer Society, there will be more than 91,000 new cases of melanoma diagnosed this year. Comprehensive Cancer Centers treats patients with melanoma and other forms of skin cancer such as basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The following list details these cancers, while offering insights to help identify them. If any of these cancers are suspected, contact your physician or a dermatologist for a cancer screening and further testing. If your physician recommends an oncologist, contact Comprehensive Cancers to schedule your appointment today.

Skin Cancers You May Not Now AboutBasal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)

Basal cell carcinoma’s (BCC) are the most common type of skin cancer. According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, BCC’s are abnormal, uncontrolled growths or lesions that arise in the skin’s basal cells, which line the deepest layer of the epidermis (the outermost layer of the skin). They often appear as open sores, red patches, shiny bumps or pink growths. While they do not often spread to other parts of the body, it’s important to speak to your doctor right away if you notice something unusual.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is another common form of skin cancer. SCC is defined by the Skin Cancer Foundation as an uncontrolled growth of cells arising in the squamous cells, which compose most of the skin’s upper layers (the epidermis). SCC’s also appear on the skin as red patches or open sores, but could also look like warts or may crust and bleed.

Merkel Cell Carcinoma (MCC)

Merkel Cell Carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive skin cancer that primarily occurs on sun-exposed skin such as the head and neck, as well as the arms, legs, and trunk. MCC usually appears as a firm, pink, red, or purple lump on the skin. Typically, these lumps are painless. Because MCC is a fast-growing cancer it can be hard to treat if it spreads to areas beyond the skin.

Kaposi Sarcoma (KS)

Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) develops from cells that line lymph or blood vessels. It can appear on the skin as a darkish/purple-colored tumor (or lesion) or on the inside of the mouth. Although lesions typically do not cause symptoms, they can spread to other parts of the body. KS is caused by the human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8). Not everyone infected with HHV-8 will get KS. Typically, those most at risk are infected people whose immune systems have been weakened by disease or by drugs given after an organ transplant.

Types of Kaposi Sarcoma

There are a few different types of KS that are named from the populations that they are present in; however, the changes within the KS cells are all very similar. The different types of KS include:

  • Epidemic (AIDS-related) Kaposi sarcoma
  • Classic (Mediterranean) Kaposi sarcoma
  • Endemic (African) Kaposi sarcoma
  • Latrogenic (transplant-related) Kaposi sarcoma
  • Kaposi sarcoma in HIV negative men

Epidemic (AIDS-related) Kaposi sarcoma develops in those who are HIV infected. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS. This is the most common type of KS in the United States.

Lymphoma of the Skin

Lymphoma is a cancer that starts in the lymphocytes – white blood cells that are vitally important in the functioning of the immune system. While lymphoma commonly involves the lymph nodes, it can begin in other lymphoid tissues such as the spleen, bone marrow, and the skin. The two main types of lymphomas are Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Lymphomas that originated only in the skin are called skin lymphoma (or cutaneous lymphoma).

In addition to some of the typical skin cancer treatments such as photodynamic therapies, chemotherapy, and targeted therapies, lymphoma of the skin may also be treated by stem cell transplants, immunotherapy treatments, and clinical trials involving lymphoma vaccines.

Skin Cancer Treatment

If you believe you might have any of the cancers above, it is recommended you contact your primary care physician or dermatologist for a consultation. Should your results of further testing reveal cancer, treatment options are different for different stages of skin cancer, but may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy or surgery. Each treatment option may be used alone or in combination. Comprehensive Cancer Centers strives to provide world-class care for patients with skin cancer and melanoma using the highest standards, newest technologies and latest in clinical research.

To schedule an appointment with a physician at Comprehensive Cancer Centers regarding skin cancer screenings or treatment, call 702-952-3350.

The content is this post is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

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