The information below describes the most common types of cancer and will most likely answer your immediate questions. If you’re not currently a patient, you can call us at 702-952-3350, use our contact form, to have questions answered.
The information provided within this website is not intended as medical advice. It should never be substituted for a consultation with a healthcare professional. Please contact your physician or visit a Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada office with questions and concerns about your health condition.
Bladder cancer occurs when a cancer cell begins to grow abnormally in the bladder lining. These cells develop mutations that cause them to grow out of control forming a tumor. In the United States, nearly 74,690 people will be diagnosed with bladder cancer in 2014; however, if found early, the chance of survival is very high. Since the 1980s, the survival rate has significant increased due to improved awareness and better treatment options
According to the American Cancer Society, brain cancer can be classified a tumor in the brain or spinal cord. These are masses of abnormal cells that have grown out of control. Like in most cases, it’s important to determine if a tumor of the brain is benign or malignant before determining the course of treatment.
Breast cancer begins in the breast tissue and is most commonly associated with women. About 1 percent of breast cancer occurs in men. Affected breasts may feel lumpy, and sometimes there is a clear or slightly cloudy nipple discharge. Benign breast tumors are abnormal growths, but they do not spread outside the breast and they are not life threatening.
Colon and Rectal Cancer
Colon and rectal (colorectal) cancer begins in either the colon or the rectum. Both are part of the digestive tract, where food is processed to create energy and rid the body of waste matter. A majority of colorectal cancers are adenocarcinomas. These are cancers of the cells that line the inside of the colon and rectum. Before a true cancer develops, there are often earlier changes in the lining of the colon or rectum. One type of change is a growth of tissue called a polyp. Removing a polyp early may prevent it from becoming cancerous.
Leukemia, cancer of the bone marrow and blood, is characterized by the uncontrolled accumulation of blood cells, and is divided into four categories: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia and Chronic Myeloid Leukemia.
Lung and Bronchus Cancer
Lung cancer begins in the lungs, two sponge-like organs in the chest. Lung cancer often takes many years to develop, but it is one of the deadliest of all cancers. Smoking is by far the leading cause of lung cancer. The longer a person has smoked, and the more cigarettes per day smoked, the greater the risk. Of course, not every smoker gets lung cancer. But, people who quit smoking, at any age, greatly lower their risk of getting lung cancer.
Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system that helps the body fight infection and disease. Lymphoma is a cancer that begins in the white blood cells called lymphocytes. There are two main forms of lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin Lymphoma.
Myeloma is a type of blood cancer that begins in the bone marrow. It is a cancer of plasma cells. Healthy plasma cells are part of the immune system and help fight infection, but the mutated plasma cell (myeloma cell) can multiply, and if untreated, will continue to grow making it hard for the body to fight off infection. If not treated, the cancerous cells can also lead to kidney damage and/or bone pain and fractures.
A cancerous or malignant growth that originates in a woman’s ovary is called ovarian cancer. Malignant tumors that arise from the surface of the ovary usually grow outward and have an irregular shape, like cauliflower. Epithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOC) begin on the surface of the ovary. EOC is the most common type of ovarian cancer, and accounts for 90 percent of all ovarian cancers.
Melanoma of the Skin
Cancer of the skin is the most common of all cancers. Skin cancers are divided into two general types: melanoma and nonmelanoma cancers. Melanoma is the most dangerous of all skin cancers. This cancer begins in the melanocytes, the cells that produce the skin coloring or pigment known as melanin.
Pancreatic Cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the pancreas. The pancreas is a gland about 6 inches long that is shaped like a thin pear lying on its side. The wider end of the pancreas is called the head, the middle section is called the body, and the narrow end is called the tail. The pancreas lies behind the stomach and in front of the spine. The digestive juices are produced by exocrine pancreas cells and the hormones are produced by endocrine pancreas cells. About 95% of pancreatic cancers begin in exocrine cells.
Most of the time, prostate cancer grows very slowly. Autopsy studies show that many elderly men who die of other diseases also have prostate cancer that is undetected and untreated. However, sometimes prostate cancers can grow quickly, spreading to other parts of the body. Cancerous cells may enter the lymph system and spread to lymph nodes (small, bean-shaped collections of cells that help in fighting infections). If cancer reaches the lymph nodes, it is more likely to spread to other organs of the body.
For a listing of all cancer types, please click here.
Please note: US Oncology provides administrative and management services to the medical practice discussed on this website. US Oncology does not own medical practices or provide medical services, nor does it employ physicians or nurses or participate in decisions regarding patient care.